The Bangladeshi textile wet processing sector is extremely water intensive, typically consuming 200-250 l water/kg fabric. That’s the daily water requirement of two people, and is nearly 5x the best practice of ˜50 l water/kg fabric! Given that the country is faced with severe scarcity of water, alongside electricity and gas, water availability will become the biggest constraint for the textile factories wishing to increase their capacity in the near future.
Lack of awareness of the ‘true cost’ of resources, un‐metered resource use are among the major problems in the sector. For example, although water is free, factories end up incurring costs for pumping, heating, circulating, treating, and discharging the water they use (Figure 1).
PaCT is supporting textile factories in the Bangladesh textile sector to implement sustainable, resource efficient measures. To date, PaCT has raised awareness on best practices among 548 factories, which is 76% of the active WDF units in Bangladesh*. In addition, the program has successfully transformed 162 partner factories into ‘resource-smart’ factories by conducting a series of assessments and later providing comprehensive tailor-made advice on resource efficiency measures. These 162 factories that have invested US$ 29 million in resource efficiency projects in the most promising areas, collectively enjoy US$ 10 million in annual savings!
Figure 1: Factories only see the tip of the iceberg
Real-life cases show that by implementing best practices, factories can significantly reduce their resource consumption, and simultaneously gain sustainability, efficiency, and profitability.
*based on a market segmentation study of the WDF sub-sector in Bangladesh